In 1935 a law was passed that stated that investment banking and commercial banking businesses could not operate under a single holding entity. It was therefore necessary for J.P. Morgan & Co. to spin off their investment banking business into a new firm, Morgan Stanley. In the company’s first year of business it achieved 24% of market share ($1.1 billion).
During the period from 1951 to 1961 Morgan Stanley co-managed the World Bank’s $50 million AAA rated bonds, GM’s $300 million debt issue, IBM’s $231 million stock offering, and AT&T’s $250 million debt offering.
In 1962 Morgan Stanley created the first viable computer model for financial analysis.
In 1971 the company established its Mergers & Acquisitions business, along with Sales & Trading.
In 1997 Morgan Stanley merged with Dean Witter Reynolds and Discover & Co., the spun-off financial services business of Sears Roebuck.
Morgan Stanley has served as the lead underwriter for many large global tech IPOs, including Apple, Facebook, Netscape, Cisco, Compaq, Broadcom Corp., Cogent Inc., Dolby Laboratories, Priceline, Salesforce, Google, and Groupon.
Morgan Stanley had significant problems during the economic crisis of 2008. As a result, in 2008 the company announced that it would become a traditional bank holding company regulated by the Federal Reserve.
Today Morgan Stanley is a multinational financial services corporation. They operate in 42 countries through 1,300 offices and with 60,000 employees. Morgan Stanley had revenue of $32 billion in 2012.